Michael Fred Phelps (born June 30, 1985) is an American swimmer who has, overall, won 16 Olympic medals—six gold and two bronze at Athens in 2004, and eight gold at Beijing in 2008. In doing so he has twice equaled the record eight medals of any type at a single Olympics achieved by Soviet gymnast Alexander Dityatin at the 1980 Moscow Summer Games. His five golds in individual events tied the single Games record set by Eric Heiden in the 1980 Winter Olympics and equaled by Vitaly Scherbo at the 1992 Summer Games. Phelps holds the record for the most gold medals won in a single Olympics, his eight at the 2008 Beijing Games surpassed American swimmer Mark Spitz's seven-gold performance at Munich in 1972. Phelps Olympic medal total is second only to the 18 Soviet gymnast Larissa Latynina won over three Olympics, including nine gold.
At the 2010 National Championships, Phelps competed in five individual events. In the 200 m freestyle, Phelps won ahead of Ryan Lochte in a time of 1:45.61. About an hour later, Phelps returned to the pool to win the 200 m butterfly. But Phelps was not happy with his performance and called it the "worst" 200 m butterfly of his life. In the 100 m butterfly, Phelps won his 50th national title in 50.65. After the race, Phelps said he was "fairly pleased" with the result. In the 200 m individual medley, Phelps finished second to Lochte 1:55.94 to 1:54.84. It was the first time Lochte beat Phelps in a major national meet. In the 200 m backstroke, Phelps finished in 4th place in 1:56.98.
On the first day of competition at the 2010 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships, Phelps opt out swimming in the final of the 200 m freestyle to focus on the 200 m butterfly. In the 200 m butterfly, Phelps led from start-to-finish and finished first with a time of 1:54.11. Although it was much slower than his 1:51.51 time from last year, Phelps has not lost a 200 m butterfly final since 2002. On day two of the competition, Phelps swam in the heats of the 400 m individual medley and contributed in the 4×200 m freestyle relay. In the heats of the 400 m individual medley, Phelps failed to make the A final, with Lochte and Tyler Clary taking the top two American positions.Phelps did not swim in the B final of the 400 m individual medley. In the 4×200 m freestyle relay, Phelps, with Peter Vanderkaay, Ricky Berens, and Lochte finished first ahead of Japan and Australia. On day three of the competition, Phelps competed in the 100 m butterfly and contributed in the 4×100 m freestyle relay. In the 100 m butterfly, Phelps finished first in a time of 50.86, a championship record. In the 4×100 m freestyle relay, Phelps, with Lochte, Jason Lezak, and Nathan Adrian finished first ahead of Australia and South Africa. As the lead-off leg in the 4×100 m freestyle relay, Phelps set the championship record in the 100 m freestyle with a time of 48.13. In his final event, Phelps swam in the 4×100 m medley relay with Aaron Peirsol, Mark Gangloff, and Adrian and finished first ahead of Japan and Australia.
Full name: Michael Fred Phelps
Nickname: MP; The Baltimore Bullet
Stroke: Backstroke, butterfly, freestyle, individual medley
Club: North Baltimore Aquatic Club
Date of birth: June 30, 1985 (1985-06-30) (age 25)
Place of birth: Baltimore, Maryland
Height: 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)